date: JAN 1966
author: Birkhead,N. C. ; Blizzard,J. J. ; Issekutz,B. ,Jr. ; rodahl,K.
Abstract : Tilt intolerance and hypercalciuria were induced in healthy subjects fed weighed diets by 18-32 days continuous bed rest in a Metabolic Ward. The effect of supplementing bed rest with daily supine bicycle exercise (2 or 4 hours), quiet standing (3 hours), or longitudinal supine skeletal pressure on orthostasis and urinary calcium was determined. Tilt tolerance was evaluated by blood pressure and heart rate response to 10 minutes of 70? head-up body tilt and urinary calcium excretion by analysis of 3- or 6-day urine collections. Supine bicycle exercise was ineffective in significantly reducing tilt intolerance or hypercalciuria. Standing decreased orthostasis in 3 of 5 subjects and decreased urinary calcium in 4 of 5 subjects. Longitudinal skeletal pressure decreased hypercalciuria in 1 of 2 subjects but did not improve tilt tolerance. Intermittent lower body negative pressure during bed rest in one subject impeded development of orthostasis but increased urine calcium. Three hours daily standing is the minimum effective duration for reversing bed rest-induced tilt intolerance and hypercalciuria while supine bicycle exercise is not a practical method for obtaining similar effects. (Author)
Descriptors : (*CALCIUM, EXCRETION), (*RELAXATION(PHYSIOLOGY), METABOLISM), EXERCISE(PHYSIOLOGY), SKELETON, BONES, PRESSURE, URINE, TOLERANCES(PHYSIOLOGY), BLOOD, PULSE RATE, POSTURE(PHYSIOLOGY), TABLES(DATA)
Subject Categories : ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE