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The use of standing frames for contracture management for nonmobile children with cerebral palsy.

date: 2009 Dec;32(4):316-23
author: Gibson SK1, Sprod JA, Maher CA.
publication: Int J Rehabil Res.



The objective of this study was to determine whether static weight-bearing in a standing frame affected hamstring length and ease of activities of daily living (ADLs) in nonambulant children with cerebral palsy (CP). A convenient sample of nonambulant children with CP was recruited for this one-group quasi-experimental study. Participants stood in a standing frame for 1 h, 5 days per week, for 6 weeks, followed by 6 weeks of not using a standing frame; each phase was repeated. Popliteal angle measurements were made at baseline and weekly throughout the study period. Carers provided written feedback regarding ease of ADLs at the end of each standing and nonstanding phase. Five children were recruited (age range 6-9 years, mean age 7 years 2 months, SD 1 year 4 months). High compliance with the standing regime was achieved (85% of intended sessions completed). Repeated-measures analysis of variance and t-tests showed hamstrings significantly lengthened during standing phases (mean improvement 18.1 degrees , SD 5.5, P<0.01 for first standing phase; mean improvement 12.1 degrees , SD 7.7, P=0.03 for second standing phase). A trend for hamstrings to shorten during nonstanding phases was observed (mean change -14.0 degrees , SD 4.2, P=0.02 for first nonstanding phase; mean change -7.3 degrees , SD 6.5, P=0.20 for second nonstanding phase). Feedback from carers suggested that transfers and ADLs became slightly easier after phases of standing frame use. Preliminary evidence that 6 weeks of standing frame use leads to significant improvements in hamstring length in nonambulant children with CP, and may increase ease of performance of ADLs was found.


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Factors affecting prescription and implementation of standing-frame programs by school-based physical therapists for children with impaired mobility

date: 2009 Fall;21(3):282-8. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e3181b175cd
author: Taylor K.
publication: Pediatr Phys Ther.




The purpose of this study was to investigate factors considered in the prescription and implementation of standingframe programs by schoolbased physical therapists.


A 20-item survey was mailed to 500 members of the APTA Pediatric Section and SchoolBased Special Interest Group. Survey questions addressed standingframe program prescription and perceived benefits.


Response rate was 77.2%. A majority of respondents rated ambulatory status for the prescription of standingframe programs and a child‘s specific needs in the selection of a specific standing frame as very important. Respondents identified multiple benefits with pressure relief rated very important most frequently. More than 50% of respondents indicated social and educational benefits are very important. A majority of respondents prescribed standingframe programs for 30-45 minutes daily.


Variation does exist, but the majority of schoolbased physical therapists agree on several key factors in the prescription and implementation of standingframe programs.

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The pieces fall into place: the views of three Swedish habilitation teams on conductive education and support of disabled children.

date: 03/01/2003
author: Lind L.
publication: Int J Rehabil Res. 2003 Mar;26(1):11-20.
pubmed_ID: 12601263
A survey concerning how Swedish habilitation staff view the support of disabled children and their families was conducted in 2001. It focused on what support the staff knew about, offered and considered good for the children and parents, and on how they viewed conductive education. Interviews were conducted with 25 team members in three habilitation teams in the south of Sweden. The results show that the support habilitation staff most feel children need is the opportunity to investigate their surroundings, play with other children, meet other children in the same situation and try out different activities. The support that parents are felt to need is mainly aid and housing adaptation, relief, financial help, information, medical knowledge, emotional support and to meet others in the same situation. The staff gave information pertaining to different methods of treatment only if the parents specifically asked for it. What the habilitation teams recommended were contracture prophylaxis, motor skills exercises, riding, swimming, splints, standing shells, surgery, injections and medicines. The habilitation staff were of the opinion that conductive education is focused purely on intensive mobility training.